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Author: Manzhina S. A.

POSSIBILITIES FOR RESTORING DEPRESSIVE RURAL MUNICIPALITIES BY FORMING THE PRIORITY SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AREAS

Topics: 08.00.05 Economics and Management of National Economy

Abstract:

Purpose: to study the possibility of increasing the socio-economic status of depressive rural municipalities of Rostov region by forming priority social and economic development areas.
Materials and methods. The following documents were studied: the regulatory and regulatory framework of the Russian Federation in the field of regulation of the creation and functioning of priority social and economic development areas, statistical reports, papers by Russian scientists, Internet materials. The methods of systematic, integrated study, comparison, analysis and generalization of data were used.
Results and discussions. It was found that, despite the legal and economic measures taken to improve working and living conditions, depopulation processes continue in the village. According to the Federal State Statistics Service, for the period from 1989 to 2002 the number of rural residents decreased by 30 thousand people only in Rostov region, and by 2010 it decreased by another 75 thousand, with less than 50 people living in 407 region communities and those are mostly the retirees. Based on the statistics, it is possible to predict a significant reduction in rural residents in the region and, consequently, a reduction in medium and small farms, which can lead to the predominance of large agricultural complexes in the domestic food markets, price monopolization, and the loss of rural infrastructure territories, etc. The incentive for population migration in the direction village city is primarily the job shortage, the lack of developed services and the necessary level of social services.
Conclusions. It is possible to restore the economic stability of these municipalities by applying certain economic incentives for the development of the infrastructure necessary for the main business, for example, by forming priority social and economic development areas in rural areas, relegating agricultural production to monoproduction, which is especially important for depressive villages in Rostov region.
Key words: priority social and economic development areas; rural municipalities; population migration; agricultural production; rural life; job shortage.

DOI: 10.31774/2222-1816-2020-2-222-243



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