Filter Year: Topics: Author:
Home / Archive / 2020 - 2 (38) release Date 19.05.2020 / STAGES AND PROSPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT OF MOUNTED AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY (overview)

Archive

Author: Nesmiyan A. Y. Gorbatyuk A. P. Kaymakova A. S.

STAGES AND PROSPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT OF MOUNTED AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY (overview)

Topics: 05.20.01 Technology and Mechanization of Agriculture

Abstract:

Purpose: the analysis of the development process of mounted equipment of agricultural implements and possible prospects for the further development of this direction of agricultural machinery industry.
Materials and methods: the analysis of the possibility of producing mounted wide-cut implements was carried out in the example of the development of third class tractor-mounted cultivator by the analog method, i. e., by comparing the characteristics of a hypothetical tractor-mounted cultivator with the characteristics of already manufactured industrially mounted implements for third class tractors. The study was carried out in several stages.
Results. The introduction of mounted aggregation of agricultural machinery, initiated in the 2030-s XX century by G. Ferguson allowed increasing the output for shift productivity of units by 1.051.30 times and reduce the specific fuel and lubricant consumption by 1.11.2 times. Nevertheless, mounted implements are characterized by a number of drawbacks that limit the scope of their application, of which the most important are the low stability of the unit and the possibility of failure of tractor attachment. As a result of research, it was found that a number of industrially produced machines (implements) for the third class tractors have significantly higher values of the moments of forces acting on them both in the longitudinal and transverse vertical planes (in some cases up to 40 %) than a hypothetical wide-cut mounted cultivator.
Conclusions: the study concluded that it is possible to introduce wide-cut steam cultivators into production, at least to third-class tractors. The hypothetically obtained results suggest the promise of developing wide-cut implement for tractors of large traction classes.
Key words: mounted equipment; wide-cut implement; tractor-mounted cultivator; weight; working width; the longitudinal size of the implement, third class tractors; comparative analysis.

DOI: 10.31774/2222-1816-2020-2-163-178



References
1 Nesmiyan A.Yu., Chernovolov V.A., Semenikhin A.M., Zabrodin V.P., Nikitchenko S.L., 2018. A review of assessment of the machinery tillage tools performance for higher crop production efficiencies. Research on Crops, vol. 19, no. 3 (Sept.), pp. 567-575, DOI: 10.31830/2348-7542.2018.0001.30.
2 Nesmiyan A.Yu., Beltyukov L.P., Khizhnyak V.I. 2014., Effektivnost' mashinnykh tekhnologiy vozdelyvaniya podsolnechnika na yuge Rossii [Efficiency of machine technologies of sunflower cultivation in the south of Russia]. Sel'skokhozyaystvennye mashiny i tekhnologii [Agricultural Machines and Technologies], no. 5, pp. 35-38. (In Russian).
3 Rykov V.B., Kambulov S.I., Yankovsky N.G., 2009. Povyshenie effektivnosti vozdelyvaniya ozimoy pshenitsy za schet sovershenstvovaniya tekhnologicheskikh priemov obrabotki pochvy i poseva [Increase of winter wheat cultivation efficiency due to improvement of technological methods of tillage and sowing]. Zernovoe khozyaystvo Rossii [Grain Economy in Russia], no. 3, pp. 28-31. (In Russian).
4 Izmailov A.Yu., Lobachevsky Ya.P., Sizov O.A., 2013. Perspektivnye puti primeneniya energo- i ekologicheski effektivnykh mashinnykh tekhnologiy i tekhnicheskikh sredstv [Promising ways of using energy- and environmentally efficient machine technologies and technical means]. Sel'skokhozyaystvennye mashiny i tekhnologii [Agricultural Machines and Technologies], no. 4, pp. 8-11. (In Russian).
5 Mudarisov S.G., Gabitov I.I., Lobachevsky Y.P., Mazitov N.K., Rakhimov R.S., Khamaletdinov R.R., Rakhimov I.R., Farkhutdinov I.M., Mukhametdinov A.M., Gareev R.T., 2019. Modeling the technological process of tillage. Soil & Tillage Research, vol. 190, pp. 70-77, DOI: https:doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2018.12.004.
6 Shevtsov V., Lavrov A., Izmailov A., Lobachevskii Y., 2015. Formation of quantitative and age structure of tractor park in the conditions of limitation of resources of agricultural production. SAE Technical Papers, vol. 2015, Sept., pp. 1-4, DOI: https:doi.org/10.4271/2015-26-0147.
7 Lobachevskii Y., Godzhaev Z., Shevtsov V., Lavrov A., Sizov O., Merzlyakov A., 2017. Harmonizating power categories and towing categories of agricultural tractors with series of preferred numbers. SAE Technical Papers, vol. 2017, Jan., pp. 18-24, DOI: https:doi.org/10.4271/2017-26-0225.
8 Istoriya sozdaniya trekhtochechnoy naveski [History of Creation Three-Point Linkage], available: https:zen.yandex.ru/media/id/5d6e22fcdf944400acbcc598/istoriia-sozdaniia-trehtochechnoi-naveski-5d6f91d4fc69ab00aecdf703 [accessed 2020]. (In Russian).
9 Razvitie navesnykh agregatov [Development of Mounted Implements], available: http:www.iolitm.ru/library/23-poleznye-materialy/734-razvitie-navesnyh-agregatov [accessed 2020]. (In Russian).
10 Gidronavesnaya sistema traktorov [Hydro-Mounted Tractor System], available: https:vostok-agro.info/dokumentatsiya/130-gidronavesnaya-sistema-traktorov.html [accessed 2020]. (In Russian).
11 Stembridge E., 2020. Ag History: Ford N Series Tractors And The Handshake That Changed Farming Forever, available: https:www.curbsideclassic.com/fieldside-classics/ag-history-ford-n-series-tractors-and-the-hand-shake-that-changed-farming-forever/3/ [accessed 2020].
12 Tractor 3 point linkage, available: https:trvid.com/w/tractor+3+point+linkage [accessed 2020].
13 Khizhnyak V.I., Nesmiyan A.Yu., Shchirov V.V., Khlystov E.I., Bobryashov A.P., 2013. Sovershenstvovanie bezotval'noy obrabotki pochvy chizel'nym plugom-glubokorykhlitelem [Improving subsurface tillage with a chisel plow deep ripper]. Traktory i sel'khozmashiny [Tractors and Agricultural Machines], no. 11, pp. 14-16. (In Russian).
14 Ovchinnikov A.S., Mezhevova A.S., Fomin S.D., Pleskachev Y.N., Borisenko I.B., Vorontsova E.S., Zvolinsky V.P., Tyutyuma N.V., Novikov A.E., 2017. Energy and agrotechnical indicators in testing machine-tractor units with subsoiler. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 12, no. 24, pp. 7150-7160.
15 Nesmiyan A.Yu., 2017. Tekhnicheskie kharakteristiki i agrotekhnicheskie pokazateli raboty pochvoobrabatyvayushchikh agregatov [Technical characteristics and agrotechnical indicators of work of tillage machines]. Traktory i sel'khozmashiny [Tractors and Agricultural Machinery], no. 6, pp. 58-64. (In Russian).
16 Nesmiyan A.Yu., Arzhenovsky A.G., Eremenko Ya.V., Kulakov A.K., 2018. Otsenka ekspluatatsionnykh pokazateley pochvoobrabatyvayushchikh mashinno-traktornykh agregatov [Evaluation of operational indicators of tillage machine-tractor units]. AgroSnabForum [AgroSnabForum], no. 5(161), pp. 24-27. (In Russian).
17 Nesmiyan A.Yu., Dolzhikov V.V., Yakovets A.V., 2011. Povyshenie skorosti mashinno-traktornogo agregata na poseve propashnykh kul'tur [Increasing the speed of a machine-tractor unit for sowing row crops]. Vestnik Orlovskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta [Bull. of Oryol State Agrarian University], no. 4(31), pp. 61-62. (In Russian).
18 Fomenko D.S., Nesmiyan A.Yu., 2016. Analiz rynka propashnykh kul'tivatorov [Analysis of market of rowcrop cultivators]. Traktory i sel'khozmashiny [Tractors and Agricultural Machines], no. 3, pp. 3-8. (In Russian).
19 Mathematical statistics. Encyclopedia of mathematics, available: http:www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php/Mathematical_statistic [accessed 2020].
20 Baza protokolov rezul'tatov ispytaniy sel'skokhozyaystvennoy tekhniki [Base Protocols of the Results of Tests of Agricultural Machinery], available: http:sistemamis.ru/protocols [accessed 2020]. (In Russian).
21 Protokol no. 11-24-11 (5020462) ot 10 noyabrya 2011 goda periodicheskikh ispytaniy kul'tivatora parovogo pritsepnogo universal'nogo KPPU-8 [Protocol no. 11-24-11 (5020462) of November 10, 2011 for periodic testing of a cultivator of a steam-towed universal trailer KPPU-8]. Zernograd, North-Caucasus State Machine-Testing Station, 2011, 32 p. (In Russian).
22 Krasnichenko A.V., 1961. Spravochnik konstruktora sel'skokhozyaystvennykh mashin [Handbook for Design Engineer of Agricultural Machines]. In 2 vol., vol. 2, Moscow, VISKHOM Publ., 863 p. (In Russian).
23 Seyalka punktirnogo vyseva SKP-12 [Single-Seed Drill SKP-12], available: https:www.lidann.by/ltk/agro/pos_mash/ltk_agro_skp-12.html [accessed 2020]. (In Russian).
24 Seyalka SUPN-12 [Seeder SUPN-12], available: http:www.transmash.net/content/view/1369/172/index.html [accessed 2020]. (In Russian).
25 Tekhnicheskie kharakteristiki seyalki MS-12 [Technical Specifications of the Seeder -12], available: https:msm161.ru/ [accessed 2020]. (In Russian).

PDF (1128Kb)

ZIP (1295Kb)