Filter Year: Topics: Author:
Home / Archive / 2020 - 1 (37) release Date 17.02.2020 / IMPACT OF PRIMARY TILLAGE ON HYDROPHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF DARK CHESTNUT SOIL AND CHICKPEA (CICER) YIELD

Archive

Author: Solodovnikov A. P. Pimonov K. I. Gudova L. A.

IMPACT OF PRIMARY TILLAGE ON HYDROPHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF DARK CHESTNUT SOIL AND CHICKPEA (CICER) YIELD

Topics: 06.01.01 General Agriculture, Crop Science

Abstract:

Purpose: to study the impact of the primary tillage methods of dark chestnut soil on the bulk density, water permeability, moisture meter layer and chickpea yield.
Materials and methods: studies were carried out on dark chestnut soil in 2016–2019 (Saratov region). The soil density was determined according to GOST 12536-79, soil moisture – according to GOST 28268-89. The trial establishment and the mathematical processing of digital material were carried out in accordance with “Field Experience Methodology” (B. A. Dospekhov, 1985).
Results: four-year observations of hydrophysical properties showed that before chickpea sowing, the maximum value of the arable layer density (0–0.3 m) was recorded in the variants with minimal tillage with a disc harrow (1.26 grams per cubic centimeter). The lowest values of soil density were noted in variants with combined and moldboard tillage (1.09–1.10 grams per cubic centimeter, which is 14–15 % less than the minimum tillage). Water permeability of dark chestnut medium loamy soil increased from minimal tillage (71.1 mm per h) to subsurface (107.2 mm per h), combined (126.4 mm per h) and moldboard one (126.5 mm per h). Before chickpea sowing, the highest soil moisture in the meter-long layer was observed during non-mold and combined cultivations (17.5 % of the mass of absolutely dry soil, which exceeded the control by 0.4 % and the minimum by 1.0 %). The least soil moisture was formed in the variant with disking (15.9 %) with the onset of the phenological branching phase in chickpeas. The use of subsurface cultivation increased soil moisture by 0.9 %.
Conclusions: combined tillage with a PBS-8M plow to a depth of 23–25 cm contributed to the formation of maximum chickpea yield in four years (1.04 t per ha, which is only 4 % more than the control). Minimization of the primary tillage to 10–12 cm reduced yield by 18 %, subsurface deep loosening (30–32 cm) by 9 % compared with the moldboard cultivation to a depth of 23–25 cm.
Key words: chickpeas; primary tillage; bulk density; water permeability; soil moisture; regression; correlation.

DOI: 10.31774/2222-1816-2020-1-140-153

For citation:
Solodovnikov, A. P. Im-pact of primary tillage on hydrophysical properties of dark chestnut soil and chickpea (Cicer) yield / A. P. Solodovnikov, K. I. Pi-monov, L. A. Gudova // Scientific Journal of Rus-sian Scientific Research Institute of Land Im-provement Problems [Electronic resource]. – 2020. – 1(37). – P. 140–153. – Mode of access: http:www.rosniipm-sm.ru/en/archive?n=635&id=644. – DOI: 10.31774/2222-1816-2020-1-140-153.

References

1 Agafonov E.V., Pugach E.I., Pimonov K.I., 2009. Udobrenie nuta [Chickpea Fertilizer]. Persianovsky, 145 p. (In Russian).

2 Borodychev V.V., Semenenko A.S., 2017. Zakonomernosti posloynogo raspredeleniya zapasov obshchey i produktivnoy vlagi pri raznykh sposobakh obrabotki pochvy pod nut [Regularities of level-by-level distribution of stocks of the general and productive moisture at different ways of soil cultivation under the chickpea]. Izvestiya Nizhnevolzhskogo agrouniversitetskogo kompleksa: nauka i vysshee professional'noe obrazovanie [Bull. of the Lower Volga Agricultural University: Science and Higher Professional Education], no. 3(47), pp. 21-29. (In Russian).

3 Borodychev V.V., Pimonov K.I., Mikhaylichenko E.N., 2018. Agrokhimicheskaya otsenka primeneniya mineral'nykh udobreniy i biopreparatov pri vozdelyvanii nuta v Rostovskoy oblasti [Agrochemical evaluation of mineral fertilizers and biological products in the cultivation of chickpeas in Rostov region]. Plodorodie [Soil Fertility], no. 1, pp. 34-37. (In Russian).

4 Pimonov K.I., Kozlov A.V., 2012. Vayda krasil'naya i nut – predshestvenniki ozimoy pshenitsy na chernozeme obyknovennom [Dyer's-wood (Isatis tinctoria) and chickpeas – precursors of winter wheat on ordinary chernozems]. Zemledelie [Agriculture], no. 1, p. 31. (In Russian).

5 Solodovnikov A.P., Denisov K.E., Danilov A.N., Korsak V.V., Pimonov K.I., 2018. Minimizing tillage to preserve the agro-chemical and water-physical properties of southern black soil after vegetative reclamation. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology, vol. 9, no. 12, pp. 1166-1172. 

6 Solodovnikov A.P., Upolovnikov D.A., Chetverikov F.P., Shagiev B.Z., Pimonov K.I., 2019. Phytomelioration as a factor of increasing fertility, productivity of crop potation and improving soil moisture dynamics of southern black soil. International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 958-962. 

7 Ahlawat I.P.S., Gangaian B., Singh O., 2005. Production potential of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) – based intercropping systems under irrigated conditions. Indian Journal of Agronomy, vol. 50, pp. 27-30. 

8 Li Y., Ruperao P., Batley J., Edwards D., Khan T., Colmer T.D., Pang J., Siddique K.H.M., Sutton T., 2018. Investigating drought tolerance in chickpea using genome-wide association mapping and genomic selection based on whole-genome resequencing data. Frontiers in Plant Science, vol. 9, DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2018.00190. 

9 Miller P.R., Holmes J.A., 2005. Cropping sequence effects of four broadleaf crops on four cereal crops in the Northern Great Plains. Agronomy Journal, vol. 97, pp. 189-200, DOI: 10.2134/agronj2005.0189.

10 Shein E.P., Goncharov V.M., 2006. Agrofizika [Agrophysics]. Rostov-on-Don, Phoenix Publ., 397 p. (In Russian).

11 Chumachenko I.N. [et al.], 2002. Agrokhimicheskaya otsenka sostoyaniya plodorodiya chernozemnykh pochv i effektivnost' primeneniya udobreniy v Srednem Povolzh'e [Agrochemical Assessment of Chernozem Soil Fertility State and the Effectiveness of Fertilizer Application in the Middle Volga Region]. Samara, SamVen Publ., 197 p. (In Russian).

12 Kiryushin V.I., 2011. Teoriya adaptivno-landshaftnogo zemledeliya i proektirovanie agrolandshaftov [Theory of Adaptive Landscape Agriculture and Design of Agrolandscapes]. Moscow, KolosS Publ., 443 p. (In Russian).

13 Shevtsova L.P., Sh’yurova N.A., Marukhnenko A.I., 2012. Zernovye bobovye kul'tury. Uchebno-prakticheskoe rukovodstvo po vyrashchivaniyu zernobobovykh kul'tur [Grain Legumes. The practical handbook on the breeding of legumes]. FSBEI HPE “Saratov State Agrarian University”, 240 p. (In Russian).

14 Manzhosov V.P., Pevnev M.I., Maimusov V.N., 1994. Dolevoe vliyanie obrabotki pochvy i udobreniy na urozhaynost' polevykh kul'tur [Equity impact of tillage and fertilization on yield of field crops]. Zemledelie [Agriculture], no. 1, pp. 17-21. (In Russian).

15 Belenkov A.I., Mazirov M.A., Zelenev A.V., 2018. Adaptivno-landshaftnye sistemy zemledeliya: uchebnik [The Adaptive-Landscape Systems of Agriculture: a textbook]. Moscow, INFRA-M Publ., 213 p. (In Russian).

PDF (715Kb)

ZIP (48Kb)