Filter Year: Topics: Author:
Home / Archive / 2020 - 1 (37) release Date 17.02.2020 / EFFLUENT TREATMENT AND UTILIZATION OF ALCOGOL DISTILLERY IN IRRIGATION AGRICULTURAL FIELDS

Archive

Author: uznetsov E. V. Khadzhidi A. E. Gumbarov A. D. Tkachenko V. T.

EFFLUENT TREATMENT AND UTILIZATION OF ALCOGOL DISTILLERY IN IRRIGATION AGRICULTURAL FIELDS

Topics: 06.01.02 Land Reclamation, Recultivation, and Land Protection

Abstract:

Purpose: specifying the distillery effluent quality to be applied to agricultural irrigation fields by crops sprinkling.
Materials and Methods. The subject of the study was the preparation mode of distillery effluent for utilization on agricultural irrigation fields. The research material is the liquid fraction of effluents prepared for transportation by a pumping station to irrigation fields. The availability of irrigation water was evaluated according to the indicator system of M. F. Budanov and S. Ya. Bezdnina, the indicator of sodium adsorption ratio – according to the Richards formula. The content of chemicals in soil, crops and irrigation water was determined by standard methods.
Results. Recycling of distillery effluent at the initial stage is carried out by separation. The distillery waste barda is pressed and divided into fractions: a liquid fraction and a solid fraction, which is not further considered. The accumulation and recycling of the liquid fraction is carried out in biological ponds, which provide the technological processes for obtaining biofertilizers and irrigation of agricultural crops on agricultural irrigation fields. As a result of the studies, it was found that the liquid fraction of distillery effluent (filtrate water) belongs to the second class according to the hazard class, therefore it is necessary to arrange local complex treatment facilities in the form of a storage ponds cascade for irrigation water utilization in the irrigation fields.
Conclusions. Under the conditions of Novokubansky district of Krasnodar Territory after utilizing irrigation water in the fields, a positive balance of major elements is observed: nitrogen 483 kg per year, phosphorus 339 kg per year, potassium 1433 kg per year, which leads to the soil reclamation state improvement. However, due to the increased potassium content it is necessary to introduce such crops in the crop rotation on the irrigation fields, which need an increased amount of potash fertilizers, when grown. During the three-year rotation of crop rotation there was an increase in winter wheat yield by 20 %, alfalfa in the first year by 32 %, alfalfa in the second year of life by 35 % compared with open source irrigation.
Key words: treatment; alcohol; effluents; agricultural fields; irrigation water; land reclamation; major elements; yield.

DOI: 10.31774/2222-1816-2020-1-17-29

For citation:
Effluent treatment and utilization of alcogol distillery in irrigation agricultural fields / Ye. V. Kuznetsov, A. Ye. Khadzhidi, A. D. Gumbarov, V. T. Tka-chenko // Scientific Jour-nal of Russian Scientific Research Institute of Land Improvement Problems [Electronic resource]. – 2020. – 1(37). – P. 17–29. – Mode of access: http:www.rosniipm-sm.ru/en/archive?n=635&id=637. – DOI: 10.31774/2222-1816-2020-1-17-29.

References

1 Khadzhidi A.E., Kuznetsova M.E., 2012. Problema utilizatsii ochishchennykh stochnykh vod pererabatyvayushchikh sel'skokhozyaystvennykh predpriyatiy na zemledel'cheskikh polyakh orosheniya [The problem of the disposal of treated wastewater processing agricultural enterprises in the agricultural irrigation fields]. Trudy Kubanskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta [Proc. of Kuban State Agrarian University], vol. 5(38), pp. 156-163. (In Russian).

2 Kuznetsov E.V., Khadzhidi A.E., Gumbarov A.D., Seryy S.G., 2014. Adaptirovannaya zemel'no-okhrannaya sistema dlya zashchity agrolandshaftov i vodnykh ob"ektov ot degradatsii: monografiya [Adapted land-security system for protecting agrolandscapes and water bodies from degradation: monograph]. Krasnodar, EDVI Publ., 200 p. (In Russian).

3 Budanov M.F., 1965. Trebovaniya k kachestvu orositel'noy vody [Requirements for the quality of irrigation water]. Vodnoe khozyaystvo [Water Industry], no. 1, pp. 31-35. (In Russian).

4 Bezdnina S.Ya., 2005. Ekologicheskie osnovy vodopol'zovaniya [Ecological Basics of Water Use]. Moscow, VNIIAgrohim Publ., 224 p. (In Russian).

5 Pankova E.I., Konyushkova M.V., Gorokhova I.N., 2017. O probleme otsenki zasolennosti pochv i metodike krupnomasshtabnogo tsifrovogo kartografirovaniya zasolennykh pochv [On the problem of soil salinity's evaluation and method of large-scale digital mapping of saline soils]. Ekosistemy: ekologiya i dinamika [Ecosystems: Ecology and Dynamics], vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 26-54. (In Russian).

6 Epov A.N., Kanunnikova M.A., 2015. Ochistka stochnykh vod predpriyatiy agropromyshlennogo kompleksa [Wastewater treatment of agricultural enterprises]. Nailuchshie dostupnye tekhnologii vodosnabzheniya i vodootvedeniya [The Best Available Technologies for Water Supply and Sanitation], no. 1, pp. 52-59. (In Russian).

7 Polyakov V.A., 2013. Razrabotka innovatsionnykh resursosberegayushchikh tekhnologiy dlya spirtovoy promyshlennosti [Development of innovative resource-saving technologies for the alcohol distillery industry]. Tekhnologii pishchevoy i pererabatyvayushchey promyshlennosti APK – produkty zdorovogo pitaniya [Technologies of Food and Processing Industry of Agrarian and Industrial Complex – Healthy Nutrition Products], no. 1, pp. 19-26. (In Russian).

8 Korotkova T.G., Pozhidaev Yu.N., Salamakhin S.D., Litvinova N.A., Ustyuzhaninova T.A., Konstantinov E.N., 2004. Snizhenie zagryazneniya stochnykh vod spirtovogo proizvodstva [Reduction of alcohol distillery production wastewater pollution]. Khimicheskoe zagryaznenie sredy obitaniya i problemy ekologicheskoy reabilitatsii narushennykh ekosistem: sb. materialov II Vserossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Chemical Pollution of Environment Habitats and Issues of Ecological Rehabilitation of Disturbed Ecosystems: Proc. of II All-Russian Scientific-Practical Conference]. Penza, pp. 93-95. (In Russian).

9 Marinin S.Yu., Vyskubova E.N., Solonnikova N.V., Korotkova T.G., 2013. Ekologicheskie aspekty tekhnologii proizvodstva pishchevogo etilovogo spirta [Ecological aspects of technology production of food ethanol]. Izvestiya vuzov. Pishchevaya tekhnologiya [News of Institutes of Higher Education. Food Technology], no. 1, pp. 123-124. (In Russian).

10 Kuznetsov E.V., Safronova T.I., Sokolova I.V., Khadzhidi A.E., Gumbarov A.D., 2017. Development of a Land Resources Protection Model. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism Biannually, vol. 8, iss. 1(17), pp. 78-83.

PDF (522Kb)

ZIP (46Kb)