Filter Year: Topics: Author:
Home / Archive / 2019 - 4 (36) release Date 15.11.2019 / PREDICTION PROCEDURE FOR SOIL DRIP IRRIGATION CONTOURS ON SLOPES

Archive

Author: Shtanko A.S. Shkura Viktor N.

PREDICTION PROCEDURE FOR SOIL DRIP IRRIGATION CONTOURS ON SLOPES

Topics: 06.01.02 Land Reclamation, Recultivation, and Land Protection

Abstract:

The purpose of the study was to develop the methodology for predicting the size and design of the outlines of local contours of soil depth drip irrigation that are formed on slopes. The obvious advantage of drip irrigation systems is the possibility of their application for irrigating plants cultivated on sloping land, where other irrigation methods cannot be used.
Material and Methods. During the research it was found that the shape, location and parameters of the slope contours differ from their parameters determined under the conditions of horizontal drip irrigated sites. The available qualitative and quantitative differences in the slope and plain contours parameters were determined in the course of their research carried out on different slopes of plots with orchard tree crops growing on medium- and thin chernozems of the steppe zone of Rostov Region.
Results. With a 3° slope of the land surface, the angle of deviation of the contour axis from the vertical line was 14°, at 5° – 20° and at 9° – 22°. Besides while processing the results of experimental studies, the deformation coefficients of the upper and lower parts of the contours formed on slopes were determined which were 0.89 and 1.10 for a land surface slope of 3°, respectively, for 5° – 0.76 and 1.25 respectively, for 9° – 0.61 and 1.40, respectively.
Conclusion. As a result of the studies the methodology for determining geometric and moisture parameters was proposed and a method for designing the outlines of the local contours of drip irrigation of chernozem soils formed on drip-irrigated landscapes with different slopes of the land surface was developed. The method and technique developed by the authors for predicting parameters and designing local drip contours formed on steady irrigated areas are the basis of the proposed methodology.
Key words: drip irrigation; slopes; drip irrigation contour; moisture contour parameters; contour prediction technique.

DOI: 10.31774/2222-1816-2019-4-72-87

For citation:
Shtanko, A. S. Prediction procedure for soil drip irrigation contours on slopes / A. S. Shtanko, V. N. Shkura // Scientific Journal of Russian Scientific Re-search Institute of Land Improvement Problems [Electronic resource]. – 2019. – 4(36). – P. 72–87. – Mode of access: http:www.rosniipm-sm.ru/en/archive?n=619&id=625. – DOI: 10.31774/2222-1816-2019-4-72-87.
References
1 Ovchinnikov A.S., Bocharnikov M.P., Meshcheryakov V.S., 2012. Methodology of calculation and justification of the wetting parameters in the open field and greenhouse. Environmental Engineering, no. 4, p. 29. 
2 Golovanov A.I., Kucher D.E., Shuravilin A.V., 2016. Obosnovanie matematicheskoy modeli kapel'nogo uvlazhneniya sada v usloviyakh Podmoskov'ya [Subtantivation of the mathematical model of the garden drip irrigation under the conditions of Moscow region]. Prirodoobustroystvo [Environmental Engineering], no. 1, pp. 44-51. (In Russian).
3 Voevodina L.A., 2011. [Change in the agrophysical properties of chernozem soils under the influence of drip irrigation with mineralized water]. Nauchnyy Zhurnal Rossiyskogo NII Problem Melioratsii, no. 4(04), pp. 76-85, available: http:rosniipm-sm.ru/archive?n=57&id=67. (In Russian).
4 Shkura V.N., Obumakhov D.L., Ryzhakov A.N., 2014. Kapel'noe oroshenie yabloni: monografiya [Drip Irrigation of Apple Trees: monograph]. Novocherkassk, Lick Publ., 310 p. (In Russian).
5 Yasonidi O.E., 2011. Kapel'noe oroshenie [Drip Irrigation]. Novocherkassk, Lick Publ., 322 p. (In Russian).
6 Gadzhiev M.K., 1984. Osobennosti kapel'nogo orosheniya vinogradnikov v usloviyakh Dagestanskoy ASSR: Avtoreferat diss. kand. s.-kh. nauk [Features of Drip Irrigation of Vineyards under the Conditions of the Dagestan ASSR: Abstract of cand. agri. sci. diss.]. Novocherkassk, 22 p. (In Russian).
7 Kulinich I.K., 1982. Kapel'noe oroshenie vinogradnikov na gornykh sklonakh v usloviyakh Krasnodarskogo kraya: Avtoreferat diss. kand. s.-kh. nauk [Drip Irrigation of Vineyards on the Mountain Slopes in Krasnodar Territory: Abstract of cand. agri. sci. diss.]. Krasnodar, 22 p. (In Russian).
8 Urzhumova Yu.S., 2004. Tekhnologicheskie i konstruktivnye elementy lokal'nogo nizkonapornogo orosheniya sadov dlya usloviy yuzhnykh chernozemov Rostovskoy oblasti: Avtoreferat diss. kand. tech. nauk [Technological and Constructive Elements of Local Low-Pressure Irrigation of Gardens for the Conditions of Southern Chernozems of Rostov Region: Abstract of cand. tech. sci. diss.]. Novocherkassk, 24 p. (In Russian).
9 Khrabrov M.Yu., 2008. Resursosberegayushchie tekhnologii i tekhnicheskie sredstva orosheniya: Avtoreferat diss. kand. tech. nauk [Resource-Saving Technologies and Technical Means of Irrigation: Abstract of cand. tech. sci. diss.]. Moscow, 46 p. (In Russian).
10 Khrabrov M.Yu., 1999. Raschet rasprostraneniya vlagi v pochve pri kapel'nom oroshenii [Calculation of moisture distribution in soil with drip irrigation]. Melioratsiya i vodnoe khozyaystvo, no. 4, pp. 34-35. (In Russian).
11 Vasil’ev S.M., Shtan’ko A.S., 2019. Geometricheskie i vlazhnostnye parametry konturov kapel'nogo uvlazhneniya suglinistykh chernozemov [Geometric and moisture parameters of drip irrigation contours of loamy chernozems]. Melioratsiya i vodnoe khozyaystvo, no. 1, pp. 16-19. (In Russian).

PDF (1100Kb)

ZIP (727Kb)