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Author: Shchedrin V.N. Vasilyev S.M.

CONCEPTUAL AND METHODOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES (BASICS) OF DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES FOR LAND RECLAMATION AS A NATIONAL TREASURE OF RUSSIA

Topics: 06.01.02 Land Reclamation, Recultivation, and Land Protection

Abstract:

The aim of the research was to develop conceptual and methodological principles of land reclamation development. The dynamic analysis of cultivated areas under irrigation showed their growth in the leading foreign countries as compared with a decline in their number in the Russian Federation. One of the reasons for such condition is the campaign launched in the 1990s which was inspired to a large extent by the Western powers for the collapse of land reclamation work carried out in our country to discredit land reclamation in the USSR and Russia. A direct link between such indicators as a livestock number, food requirements and the reclaimed land area has been established. In this regard, the reduction of irrigated area is a direct threat to the food security of the country. Therefore, it is time to revise the paradigm of the agro-industrial complex development under modern conditions. An analysis of the possibility of restoring an irrigated wedge in the European part of Russia shows that one of the main reasons is the growing shortage of water resources in this zone, the existing water resource limits are used for shipping, hydropower, water supply of developing industry, and for urban and rural settlements. It should be born in mind that most of the large reservoirs on the rivers are silted up and the reserves of water in them have decreased significantly as compared with the projected ones. About 4.0 million ha were irrigated in the 1980s in the European part of Russia and nowadays significantly smaller areas can actually be restored on this territory. This issue requires careful study to identify the possibility of creating new irrigated areas.
Key words: land reclamation, development strategy, irrigation, livestockl husbandry, acreage, fertilizers, agroindustrial complex development paradigm, land reclamation measures.
DOI: 10.31774/2222-1816-2019-1-1-11

For citation:
V. N. Shchedrin, S. M. Vasilyev CONCEPTUAL AND METHODOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES (BASICS) OF DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES FOR LAND RECLAMATION AS A NATIONAL TREASURE OF RUSSIA  Scientific Journal of Russian Scientific Research Institute of Land Improvement Problems. 2019. No 1. P. 1-11 DOI:10.31774/2222-1816-2019-1-1-11

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